The Four C’s

Diamond size is usually described by carat weight rather than measurements. Color can range from colorless to light yellow. Colorless and near colorless diamonds will appear more white. The color of metal in the gem setting can also affect how a diamond’s color appears. The clarity of a diamond affects the rarity of the diamond and although flaws my not be visible to the naked eye, they may dramatically affect the price. Brilliance is determined by the cut of the diamond and is in the hands of a master craftsman to create. This is why two diamonds of differing clarity may appear to be equally as brilliant to the naked eye.

  • Carat

    While Karat (with a K) pertains to the pure gold content of the mounting of your ring, Carat (with a C) refers to the size of your diamond and is the measure of its weight. A carat is divided into 100 “points,” but the size and weight alone do not determine the value of a diamond. It is possible for a smaller diamond to be worth more than a larger one when the other three Cs are taken into consideration.

  • Color

    Diamonds are found in nature in all colors of the rainbow and some colors are very rare. Any variance from white or colorless not only affects the value of your diamond, but the beauty of the diamond as well.

  • Clarity

    Clarity describes the various internal flaws in a diamond. These are the “fingerprint” of a diamond, and no two are ever alike. A flawless diamond — one in which a trained expert using a 10-power loupe can see no internal inclusions — is extremely rare and very expensive.

    The number and type of flaws, and whether or not they are visible to the naked eye, are factors in determining the cost of your diamond. Keep in mind that minor flaws, invisible to the unaided eye, do not detract from the beauty of a diamond, but do affect the price.

  • Cut

    The “brilliance” of a diamond is one of its most admired traits. The more “fire” it has, the more brilliant it will appear. This does not happen by accident. It takes a master craftsman, cutting the 58 facets along established ideal proportions to obtain a perfectly finished diamond. The slightest change in angle of the 58 facets can reduce brilliance dramatically.